Department and Science
Statistical physics deals with systems
with a large or infinite
number of particles or modes. The systems investigated
might be quantum or
classical ones. but even the classical statistical physics
uses methods of quantum field theory.
Statistical physics is developed
actively. While very expensive experiments are needed to test hypothesis
of other fields of theoretical physics,
the statistical physics
problems are often
presented free of charge. Indeed, a large set of phenomena in nature
and industry concerning statistical physics is waiting for explaining.
For example, the microscopic statistical theory of liquids
have not created yet in spite of the existence of well developed statistical
models of gases, plasma and solid bodies. A new class of phenomena investigated
by statistical physics is in particular a chaos in non-linear systems,
bifurcations, fractal systems. The statistical physics is developed now
by a permanently growing number of theoretical physicists and scientific
institutes. Maxwell, Einstein, Fermi, Feinmann, Landau, Fok, Heisenberg,
essentially to statistical physics in different times. Los Alamos National Lab,
Sacly, Nordita, Max Plank Institutes and many other foundations
are engaged in developing of statistical physics.
The results of this efforts are essential. Statistical physics allow us to
clarify and to describe quantitative superconductivity, superfluidity,
turbulence, collective phenomena in solid bodies and plasma, structural properties
of liquids. It generates the basis of the modern astrophysics, contributes
to the liquid crystals physics and critical phenomena theory.
Many experiments and based on a statistical description of systems, namely
the scattering of cold ions, roentgen and visible light, correlation spectroscopy
and so on.
Mathematical methods applied in statistical physics are very numerous.
Among them quantum mechanics and quantum-field methods, non-linear
equation theory, various methods of mathematical physics. An important
role is played by numerical simulations, such as Monte-Carlo calculations and
molecular dynamics methods. In this way we can model real processes and
obtain information inaccessible in other frameworks.
Many great physicists were honoured with the Nobel prise for investigations
in statistical physics, for example in theory of superconductivity,
superfluidity, critical phenomena, liquid crystals and so on.
There aren't Nobel laureates in our department yet:)))
But most of our staff have the doctoral degree (D. Sc.). We have 2 Soros
professors and 3 Soros docents. Our students and post-graduate student are
often awarded to nominal research grants.
The education we promise gives you very broad outlook
in theoretical physics. There are lecture courses on stochastic theory
and turbulence, critical phenomena, quantum phenomena in solid body and quantum
liquids, theory of wave propagation in non-homogeneous mediums, polymer
physics, condensation theory, liquid crystals etcetera. Our graduating
students work in institutes of Russian Academy of Science or continue
the scientific activity abroad.